Adult Diabetes and Prediabetes Prevalence in Kuwait: Data from the Cross-Sectional Kuwait Diabetes Epidemiology Program

Abdullah Alkandari, Monira Alarouj, Naser Elkum, Prem Sharma, Devarajan Sriraman, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Fahd Al-Mulla, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Abdullah Bennakhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in
adults in Kuwait. Methods: The Kuwait Diabetes Epidemiology Program was a nationally
representative, cross-sectional study of diabetes and obesity in Kuwait conducted between 2011 and
2014. The survey sampled 4937 adults in Kuwait aged 20 years or more and recorded participants’ demographics, behaviours, medical history, physical measurements and blood biochemical
measurements. Prediabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose between 6.1 and 6.9 mmol/L or
HbA1c between 6 and 6.4% (42–47 mmol/mol). Diabetes was defined as self-reported history with
prescribed glucose-lowering medication or FPG ≥7mmol/L or HbA1c level ≥6.5% (≥48 mmol/mol).
Results: The overall adjusted prevalence of diabetes was 19.1%. The overall adjusted prevalence of
prediabetes was 13.5%. Diabetes prevalence was 5.4%, 14.2%, 38.7% and 64.8% in adults aged 20–
29, 30–44, 45–59 and 60 years or more, respectively. Diabetes prevalence was 22.4% in men and
14.4% in women. Prediabetes prevalence was 14.8% in men and 11.5% in women. In Kuwaitis,
diabetes and prediabetes prevalence was 21.8% and 11.1%, respectively, while prevalence in nonKuwaitis was 18.2% for diabetes and 14.3% for prediabetes. Conclusion: These findings illustrate
the severe public health challenge posed by diabetes in Kuwait.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9:3420
Issue numberdoi:10.3390/jcm9113420
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Adult Diabetes and Prediabetes Prevalence in Kuwait: Data from the Cross-Sectional Kuwait Diabetes Epidemiology Program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this