ANGPTL3 Variants Associate with Lower Levels of Irisin and C-Peptide in a Cohort of Arab Individuals

Muath Alanbaei, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Prashantha Hebbar, Motasem Melhem, Betty S Chandy, Emil Anoop, Preethi Cherian, Irina Al-Khairi, Fadi Alkayal, Fahd Al-Mulla, Jehad Abubaker, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


ANGPTL3 is an important regulator of lipid metabolism. Its inhibition in people with hypercholesteremia reduces plasma lipid levels dramatically. Genome-wide association studies have associated ANGPTL3 variants with lipid traits. Irisin, an exercise-modulated protein, has been associated with lipid metabolism. Intracellular accumulation of lipids impairs insulin action and contributes to metabolic disorders. In this study, we evaluate the impact of ANGPTL3 variants on levels of irisin and markers associated with lipid metabolism and insulin resistance. ANGPTL3 rs1748197 and rs12130333 variants were genotyped in a cohort of 278 Arab individuals from Kuwait. Levels of irisin and other metabolic markers were measured by ELISA. Significance of association signals was assessed using Bonferroni-corrected p-values and empirical p-values. The study variants were significantly associated with low levels of c-peptide and irisin. Levels of c-peptide and irisin were mediated by interaction between carrier genotypes (GA + AA) at rs1748197 and measures of IL13 and TG, respectively. While levels of c-peptide and IL13 were directly correlated in individuals with the reference genotype, they were inversely correlated in individuals with the carrier genotype. Irisin correlated positively with TG and was strong in individuals with carrier genotypes. These observations illustrate ANGPTL3 as a potential link connecting lipid metabolism, insulin resistance and cardioprotection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number755
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2021


  • Arab population
  • C-peptide
  • Insulin resistance
  • Interleukin 13
  • Irisin
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Triglyceride


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