Background: Prediabetes, a high-risk state for developing diabetes, has become more prevalent among children and adolescents in recent decades. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of prediabetes and assess its association with adiposity among adolescents in Kuwait. Also, to determine whether maternal and paternal history of diabetes associate with offspring prediabetes in a sex-specific manner. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by enrolling students (n = 1959; aged 14-19 years) attending high schools across Kuwait. Body mass index-for-age z-scores were estimated using the World Health Organization growth reference. Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was measured in capillary blood using point-of-care testing. Prediabetes was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of the American Diabetes Association (ADA; 5.7 ≤ HbA1c% ≤ 6.4) and the International Expert Committee (IEC; 6.0 ≤ HbA1c% ≤ 6.4). Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Poisson regression with robust variance estimation. Results: According to the ADA criteria, 33.3% (620/1845) of participants had prediabetes; whereas, 8.5% (157/1845) met the IEC definition for prediabetes. Subjects classified as obese had higher prevalence of prediabetes compared to children in the thinness/normal group (aPR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.44-1.95). Analysis stratified by offspring sex showed that maternal history of diabetes is associated with prediabetes among male offspring (aPR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.02-1.63). In contrast, paternal history of diabetes showed an association with prediabetes among female offspring (aPR = 1.22, 95% CI: 1.01-1.48). Conclusions: Prediabetes affects a substantial proportion of adolescents in Kuwait and adiposity and parental diabetes being the main associated factors with prediabetes.
- parental diabetes