Audit of glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes referred to a pediatric clinic in a specialized center in Kuwait,

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Abstract

Introduction: Intensive glycemic control reduces the risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Furthermore, optimal glycemic control is essential for normal growth and development. Thus, there is a need to monitor and evaluate glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Our aim was to audit glycemic control in patients with T1D in a specialized center as per the Society of Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) target recommendations published in 2014. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study reporting on glycemic control (HbA1C) of patients younger than 21 years of age and with T1D treated at Dasman Diabetes Institute (DDI) between January 2013 and December 2015. Results: A total of 470 patients with T1D (250 males and 220 females) were included. Only 53 (11.3%) patients met the ISPAD target for optimal glycemic control with HbA1C < 7.5% (58 mmol/mol). Older age was positively associated with poor glycemic control (p = 0.001) while Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) therapy was negatively associated with poor glycemic control, adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) 0.33 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16–0.66) for CSII and adjusted OR 0.42 (95% CI: 0.27–0.64) for shifting to CSII (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Achieving optimal glycemic control is a significant challenge for young patients with T1D. Glycemic control goals should be individualized to achieve such goals safely, realistically and with a better quality of life for patients with T1D.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107827
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume156
Early online date23 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Audit
  • Glycemic control
  • Diabetes
  • type 1 diabetes
  • Kuwait
  • Type 1 diabetes

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