Biomarker Discovery and Redundancy Reduction towards Classification using a Multi-factorial MALDI-TOF MS T2DM Mouse Model Dataset

Chris Bauer, Frank Kleinjung, Celia J. Smith, Mark W. Towers, Ali Tiss, Alexandra Chadt, Tanja Dreja, Dieter Beule, Hadi Al-Hasani, Knut Reinert, Johannes Schuchhardt, Rainer Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Diabetes like many diseases and biological processes is not mono-causal. On the one hand multi-factorial studies with complex experimental design are required for its comprehensive analysis. On the other hand, the data from these studies often include a substantial amount of redundancy such as proteins that are typically represented by a multitude of peptides. Coping simultaneously with both complexities (experimental and technological) makes data analysis a challenge for Bioinformatics.Results: We present a comprehensive work-flow tailored for analyzing complex data including data from multi-factorial studies. The developed approach aims at revealing effects caused by a distinct combination of experimental factors, in our case genotype and diet. Applying the developed work-flow to the analysis of an established polygenic mouse model for diet-induced type 2 diabetes, we found peptides with significant fold changes exclusively for the combination of a particular strain and diet. Exploitation of redundancy enables the visualization of peptide correlation and provides a natural way of feature selection for classification and prediction. Classification based on the features selected using our approach performs similar to classifications based on more complex feature selection methods.Conclusions: The combination of ANOVA and redundancy exploitation allows for identification of biomarker candidates in multi-dimensional MALDI-TOF MS profiling studies with complex experimental design. With respect to feature selection our method provides a fast and intuitive alternative to global optimization strategies with comparable performance. The method is implemented in R and the scripts are available by contacting the corresponding author.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2011


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