The role of NF-κB activation in tumor initiation has not been thoroughly investigated. We generated Ikkβ(EE)IEC transgenic mice expressing constitutively active IκB kinase β (IKKβ) in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Despite absence of destructive colonic inflammation, Ikkβ(EE)IEC mice developed intestinal tumors after a long latency. However, when crossed to mice with IEC-specific allelic deletion of the adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) tumor suppressor locus, Ikkβ(EE)IEC mice exhibited more β-catenin+ early lesions and visible small intestinal and colonic tumors relative to Apc+/ΔIEC mice, and their survival was severely compromised. IEC of Ikkβ(EE)IEC mice expressed high amounts of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and elevated DNA damage markers and contained more oxidative DNA lesions. Treatment of Ikkβ(EE)IEC/Apc+/ΔIEC mice with an iNOS inhibitor decreased DNA damagemarkers and reduced early β-catenin+ lesions and tumor load. The results suggest that persistent NF-κB activation in IEC may accelerate loss of heterozygocity by enhancing nitrosative DNA damage.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Aug 2012|