Clinical characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus in Kuwait

Abdullah Alshukry, Mohammad Bu Abbas, Yaseen Ali, Barrak Alahmad, Abdullah A. Al-Shammari, Ghadeer Alhamar, Mohammad Abu-Farha, Jehad AbuBaker, Sriraman Devarajan, Ali A. Dashti, Fahd Al-Mulla, Hamad Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 has a highly variable clinical presentation, ranging from asymptomatic to severe respiratory symptoms and death. Diabetes seems to be one of the main comorbidities contributing to a worse COVID-19 outcome. Objective: In here we analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of diabetic COVID-19 patients Kuwait. Methods: In this single-center, retrospective study of 417 consecutive COVID-19 patients, we analyze and compare disease severity, outcome, associated complications, and clinical laboratory findings between diabetic and non-diabetic COVID-19 patients. Results: COVID-19 patients with diabetes had more ICU admission than non-diabetic COVID-19 patients (20.1% vs. 16.8%, p < 0.001). Diabetic COVID-19 patients also recorded higher mortality in comparison to non-diabetic COVID-19 patients (16.7% vs. 12.1%, p < 0.001). Diabetic COVID-19 patients had significantly higher prevalence of comorbidities, such as hypertension. Laboratory investigations also highlighted notably higher levels of C-reactive protein in diabetic COVID019 patients and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. They also showed a higher incidence of complications. logistic regression analysis showed that every 1 mmol/L increase in fasting blood glucose in COVID-19 patients is associated with 1.52 (95% CI: 1.34–1.72, p < 0.001) times the odds of dying from COVID-19. Conclusion: Diabetes is a major contributor to worsening outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Understanding the pathophysiology underlining these findings could provide insight into better management and improved outcome of such cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere06706
JournalHeliyon
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • CRP
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Inflammation
  • SARS-CoV2

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