Objectives: To evaluate the overall incidence of microsatellite instability (MSI), hereditary non polyposis colorectal cancer, and tumor supressor gene (TP53) mutations in Saudi colorectal carcinomas. Methods: We studied the MSI pathway in Saudi colorectal cancers (CRC) from 179 unselected patients using 2 methods, MSI by polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry detection of mutL homologs 1 and mutS homologs 2 proteins. The TP53 mutations were studied by sequencing exons 5, 6, 7, and 8. Results: Of the 150 colorectal carcinomas analysed for MSI, 16% of the tumors showed high level instability (MSI-H), 19.3% had low-level instability (MSI-L) and the ramaining 64% tumors were stable. Survival of the MSI-H group was better as compared to the MSI-L or microsatellite stable group (p=0.0217). In the MSI-H group, 48% were familial MSI tumors, which could be attributable to the high incidence of consaguinity in the Saudi population. The TP53 mutations were found in 24% of the cases studied. Conclusions: A high proportion of familial MSI cases and a lower incidence of TP53 mutations are some of the hallmarks of the Saudi colorectal carcinomas, which need to be explored further.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Saudi Medical Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|