We explored the physiological role of conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) in acute colitis induced by a single cycle of dextran sodium sulfate administration. Depending on their mode of activation and independently of T cells, cDCs can enhance or attenuate the severity of dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis. The latter beneficial effect was achieved, in part, by IFN-1 induced by Toll-like receptor 9-activated cDCs. IFN-1 inhibits colonic inflammation by regulating neutrophil and monocyte trafficking to the inflamed colon and restraining the inflammatory products of tissue macrophages. These data highlight a novel role of cDCs in the regulation of other innate immune cells and position them as major players in acute colonic inflammation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Oct 2007|
- Toll-like receptor 9