Elevated expression of the toll like receptors 2 and 4 in obese individuals: Its significance for obesity-induced inflammation

Rasheed Ahmad, Anfal Al-Mass, Valerie Atizado, Asma Al-Hubail, Fahad Al-Ghimlas, Monira Al-Arouj, Abdullah Bennakhi, Said Dermime, Kazem Behbehani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Expression profile of the toll like receptors (TLRs) on PBMCs is central to the regulation of proinflammatory markers. An imbalance in the TLRs expression may lead to several types of inflammatory disorders. Furthermore, the dynamic regulation of inflammatory activity and associated impaired production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in obese individulas remain poorly understood. Therefore, we determined the perturbation in TLRs (TLR2 and TLR4), their adaptor proteins (MyD88, IRAK1 and TRAF6) expression in PBMCs/subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) as well as inflammatory cytokines changes in obese individuals. Methods. mRNA expression levels of TLR2, TLR4, IL-6, TNF- and adaptor proteins were determined by RT-PCR. TLR2, TLR4 and adaptor proteins expression in AT was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: Obese and overweight individuals showed significantly increased expression of TLR2, TLR4 and MyD88 in both PBMCs and AT as compared with lean individuals (P < 0.05). Interestingly, we found a remarkably higher expression of TLRs in obese and overweight individuals with type 2 diabetes (P < 0.05). Increased expression of TLR2, TLR4, MyD88 and IRAK1 correlated with body mass index (BMI) (TLR2: r = 0.91; TLR4: r = 0.88, P <0.0001; MyD88: r = 0.95, P < 0.0001; IRAK1 r = 0.78, P < 0.002). TLRs' expression was also correlated with fasting blood glucose (FBG) (TLR2: r = 0.61, P < 0.002; TLR4: r = 0.52, P < 0.01) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (TLR2: r = 0.44, P <0.03; TLR4: r = 0.48, P < 0.03). Transcript levels of IL-6 and TNF- were highly elevated in obese subjects compared to lean subjects. There was a strong association of TLRs' expression in PBMCs with TNF- (TLR2: r = 0.92; TLR4: r = 0.92; P < 0.0001) and IL-6 (TLR2: r = 0.91, P < 0.0001; TLR4: r = 0.81; P < 0.001). Similarly adaptor proteins were significantly correlated with TNF- (MyD88: r = 0.9, P < 0.0001; IRAK1: r = 0.86; P < 0.0002) and IL-6 (MyD88: r = 0.91, P < 0.0001; IRAK1: 0.77; P < 0.002). Conclusions: TLRs and adapter proteins were overexpressed in PBMCs from obese subjects, which correlated with increased expression of TNF- and IL-6. This association may explain a potential pathophysiological link between obesity and inflammation leading to insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalJournal of Inflammation (United Kingdom)
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Elevated expression of the toll like receptors 2 and 4 in obese individuals: Its significance for obesity-induced inflammation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this