Expression of estrogen receptor α and estrogen receptor β in fine needle aspirates of breast carcinoma

Kusum Kapila, Jehoram Tei Anim, Issam M. Francis, Fahd Al-Mulla, Sara Shirly George, Abdulla I.F. Behbehani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the expression of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) in fine needle aspirates (FNAs) and correlate the findings with its expression in tissue sections. Study Design: In 38 cases of breast carcinoma, expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and ERβ in aspirates and tissue sections was correlated with the cytologic and histologic grade of the tumor. Results: ERα and ERβ were expressed as nuclear staining in 80% and 90% of the cases in tissue sections and 47% and 45% of the cases in aspirates, respectively. Tissue expression of ERα (grade 1, 81%; grade 2, 100%) and ERβ (grade 1, 94%; grade 2, 100%) was greater than in grade 3 tumors (ERα, 50%; ERβ, 70%). In FNAs they were equally distributed in the different cytologic grades. In aspirates 30% of ERα negative tumors were positive for ERβ, while in tissues 75% of ERα-negative tumors were positive for ERβ (p=0.007). Conclusion: Demonstration of ERβ on FNA smears is feasible. It helps identify the specific subcohort of ERβ-positive tumors in ERα-negative breast cancers; that may have therapeutic importance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalActa Cytologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Aspirations biopsy
  • Breast cancer
  • Estrogen receptor α
  • Estrogen receptor β
  • Fine-needle


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