Hepatic insulin resistance and hepatosteatosis in diet-induced obesity are associated with various metabolic diseases, yet the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Here we show that the expression levels of the disulfide-bond A oxidoreductase-like protein (DsbA-L) are significantly reduced in the liver of obese mice and humans. Liver-specific knockout or adenovirus-mediated overexpression of DsbA-L exacerbates or alleviates, respectively, high-fat diet-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, hepatosteatosis, and insulin resistance in mice. Mechanistically, we found that DsbA-L is localized in mitochondria and that its deficiency is associated with impairment of maximum respiratory capacity, elevated cellular oxidative stress, and increased JNK activity. Our results identify DsbA-L as a critical regulator of mitochondrial function, and its down-regulation in the liver may contribute to obesity-induced hepatosteatosis and whole body insulin resistance.
- Oxidative stress