Hereditary angioedema in a Jordanian family with a novel missense mutation in the C1-inhibitor N-terminal domain

Saied A. Jaradat, Sonia Caccia, Rifaat Rawashdeh, Motasem  Melhem, Ali Al-Hawamdeh, Thomas Carzaniga, Hazem Haddad

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hereditary angioedema due to C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the SERPING1 gene. A Jordanian family, including 14 individuals with C1-INH-HAE clinical symptoms, was studied. In the propositus and his parents, SERPING1 had four mutations leading to amino acid substitutions. Two are known polymorphic variants (c.167T>C; p.Val34Ala and c.1438G>A; p.Val458Met), the others are newly described. One (c.203C>T; p.Thr46Ile) is located in the N-terminal domain of the C1-inhibitor protein and segregates with angioedema symptoms in the family. The other (c.800C>T; p.Ala245Val) belongs to the serpin domain, and derives from the unaffected father. DNA from additional 24 family members were screened for c.203C>T mutation in the target gene. All individuals heterozygous for the c.203C>T mutation had antigenic and functional plasma levels of C1-inhibitor below 50% of normal, confirming the diagnosis of type I C1-INH-HAE. Angioedema symptoms were present in 14 of 16 subjects carrier for the c.203T allele. Among these subjects, those carrying the c.800T variation had more severe and frequent symptoms than subjects without this mutation. This family-based study provides the first evidence that multiple amino acid substitutions in SERPING1 could influence C1-INH-HAE phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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Keywords

  • C1-inhibitor
  • Hereditary angioedema
  • Jordan
  • N-terminal domain
  • SERPING1 gene

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