OBJECTIVE: Ability to produce hemolysin by Candida species is an important determinant of its pathogenicity. Candida dubliniensis is implicated in the causation of oral candidosis, which can be treated with polyene, echinocandin, and azole groups of antifungal agents as well as chlorhexidine. After oral application, however, the concentrations of these agents tend to decrease quickly to subtherapeutic levels due to the peculiarity of the oral environment. In this study, we have evaluated the effect of short-term exposure of sublethal concentrations of these drugs on hemolysin production by oral C. dubliniensis isolates obtained from two different geographical locale.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty C. dubliniensis oral isolates obtained from Kuwait and Sri Lanka were exposed to sublethal concentrations of nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, and chlorhexidine for 1 h. Thereafter, the drugs were removed by dilution and the hemolysin production determined by a previously described plate assay.
RESULTS: Hemolysin production of these isolates was significantly suppressed with a percentage reduction of 17.09, 16.45, 17.09, 11.39, 8.23 and 12.03 following exposure to nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, and chlorhexidine, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Brief exposure to sublethal concentrations of drugs with antifungal properties appears to reduce the pathogenic potential of C. dubliniensis isolates by suppressing hemolysin production.
- Candida dubliniensis
- antifungal drugs