Road traffic injuries (RTIs), disabilities and deaths are recognised as a major public health problem worldwide. This study aimed to quantify the magnitude and the trends of RTI-related fatal and non-fatal injuries in Kuwait for the period 2000-2009. Data on road traffic crashes and related events (i.e., fatal and non-fatal minor and severe injuries) were obtained from police records, and the population data were sought from Ministry of Interior, Kuwait. From 2000 to 2009, 11,591 non-fatal RTIs and 3891 RTIs-related deaths occurred in Kuwait. Non-fatal severe RTIs accounted for 28.2% of the total non-fatal RTIs. Of the 2945 RTI-related deaths that occurred from 2003 to 2009, majority were amongst males (87.3%) and in the age range of 20-59 years (70.8%). The mean (SD) annual mortality rates for the 10-year study period (2000-2009) were 14 (1) per 100,000 population and 36 (2) per 100,000 registered vehicles. From 2000 to 2009, population-based and registered vehicle-based overall RTI-related crude mortality rates decreased by 20% and 29%, respectively. However, Poisson regression analyses showed that the overall slightly decreasing trends were statistically non-significant both for population-based crude mortality rate (trend coefficient = -0.016; ptrend = 0.587) and registered vehicle-based crude mortality rate (trend coefficient = -0.024; p trend = 0.192). Furthermore, the trend in population-based age-adjusted RTI-related mortality rate for 2003-2009 was also statistically non-significant (trend coefficient = -0.050; ptrend = 0.284). For non-fatal severe RTIs, the overall mean (SD) annual rates per 100,000 population and 100,000 registered vehicles were 44 (23) and 113 (60) with corresponding total reduction of 61% and 66% from 2000 to 2009. The overall declining trends in minor and severe RTI rates (both population based and registered vehicles based) were statistically significant (ptrend < 0.001). Despite declined minor and severe RTI rates, the RTI-related crude and age-adjusted mortality rates during the past decade continued to be high for a high-income country. Targeted interventions may help reduce the burden of minor and severe RTIs and related deaths in Kuwait and other countries in the region.
- Poisson regression
- Road traffic injuries