Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is positively associated with obesity and diet-induced insulin resistance. Angiopoietin-like protein 6 (ANGPTL6) regulates metabolic processes and counteract obesity through increased energy expenditure. This study aims to evaluate the plasma MPO and ANGPTL6 levels in obese and diabetic individuals as well as MPO association with biochemical markers of obesity. A total of 238 participants were enrolled, including 137 control and 101 type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. ANGPTL6 and MPO levels and other biomarkers were measured via ELISA. ANGPTL6 levels were significantly higher in the diabetic population and obese individuals. When the group was stratified based on T2D, ANGPTL6 levels were significantly higher in obese-diabetic participants compared with non-obese-diabetics, but obese-non-diabetic individuals had similar ANGPTL6 levels to their controls. MPO levels were higher in obese compared with non-obese participants but did not differ between T2D and control participants. MPO levels were upregulated in obese compared with non-obese in both diabetics and non-diabetics. MPO was positively associated with ANGPTL6, triglyceride, BMI, TNF-alpha, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Taken together, our findings suggest that both MPO and ANGPTL6 may regulate obesity, although MPO exerts this effect independent of diabetes while ANGPTL6 may have a modulatory role in diabetes.