Iron absorption from ferrous fumarate in adult women is influenced by ascorbic acid but not by Na2EDTA

Meredith C. Fidler, Lena Davidsson, Christophe Zeder, Thomas Walczyk, Richard F. Hurrell

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ascorbic acid and Na2EDTA enhance Fe absorption from the water-soluble Fe compound FeSC4 but their effect on poorly water-soluble Fe compounds such as ferrous fumarate is less well established. In the present study, the effects of ascorbic acid and Na2EDTA on Fe absorption from ferrous fumarate were evaluated in adult women (ten women/study) from the erythrocyte incorporation of Fe stable isotopes (57Fe or 58Fe) 14 d after administration. Two separate studies were made with test meals of Fe-fortified infant cereal (5 mg Fe/meal). Data were evaluated by paired t tests and the results are presented as geometric means. In study 1a, the comparison between Fe absorption from ferrous fumarate- and FeSO4-fortified cereal showed that adult women absorb Fe as well from ferrous fumarate as from FeSO4 (3.0 and 3.1 % respectively, P=0.85). After addition of Na2EDTA (Na2EDTA: foitincation Fe molar ratio of 1:1), Fe absorption from FeSO4 was significantly higher than from ferrous fumarate (5.3 v. 3.3 % respectively, P<0.01; study 1b). In study 2, Fe absorption was compared from ferrous fumarate-fortified meals with and without ascorbic acid added at a 4:1 molar ratio (relative to fortification Fe) and the results showed that ascorbic acid increased Fe absorption from ferrous fumarate significantly (6.3 v. 10.4%, P=0.02). The results of the present studies show that Fe absorption from ferrous fumarate is enhanced by ascorbic acid but not by Na2EDTA, thus emphasising that not all findings from Fe absorption studies made with FeSO4 can be extrapolated to Fe compounds with different solubility properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1085
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003

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Keywords

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Ferrous fumarate
  • Iron fortification
  • NaEDTA

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