Low prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among patients with high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol

Andrew J. Juren, Gautamn Sarwal, Ahmad AlSarraf, Michal Vrablik, Darren Chan, Karin H. Humphries, Jiri J. Frohlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are among several known risk factors for coronary artery disease. Recent research has shown potential mechanistic links between these two diseases. Objectives: The aim of our study was to characterize, by examining particular coronary artery disease risk factors, patients with extremely high and low levels of HDL-C who were referred to a prevention clinic. Methods: We compared the phenotypes of 113 patients with HDL-C levels greater than the 90th percentile with 212 patients with levels less than the 10th percentile by using a retrospective chart review. Results: The cohort with high HDL-C had a remarkable difference in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (1.8% vs 21.7%). The high HDL-C cohort also had a greater age (52.1 years vs 46.7 years), more light or moderate alcohol consumption (70.8% vs 49.4%), more healthy diet (30.1% vs 22.4%), more light or moderate exercise (90.8% vs 52.2%), and a lower body mass index (25.2 kg/m2 vs 28.1 kg/m2). Conclusions: Compared with the low HDL-C group - and also the general population - the high HDL-C cohort had a remarkably low prevalence of diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-198
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Lipidology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Framingham Risk Score
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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