Multi-Lineage differentiation of human umbilical cord wharton's jelly mesenchymal stromal cells mediates changes in the expression profile of stemness markers

Hamad Mohamed Ali Yaseen, Majda K. Al-Yatama, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Kazem Behbehani, Ashraf Al Madhoun

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Wharton's Jelly- derived Mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs) have gained interest as an alternative source of stem cells for regenerative medicine because of their potential for selfrenewal, differentiation and unique immunomodulatory properties. Although many studies have characterized various WJ-MSCs biologically, the expression profiles of the commonly used stemness markers have not yet been addressed. In this study, WJ-MSCs were isolated and characterized for stemness and surface markers expression. Flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and qRT-PCR analysis revealed predominant expression of CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105 and CD166 in WJ-MSCs, while the hematopoietic and endothelial markers were absent. Differential expression of CD 29, CD90, CD105 and CD166 following adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic induction was observed. Furthermore, our results demonstrated a reduction in CD44 and CD73 expressions in response to the tri-lineage differentiation induction, suggesting that they can be used as reliable stemness markers, since their expression was associated with undifferentiated WJ-MSCs only.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0122465
JournalPloS one
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2015


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