An 11-year-old girl presented with palmar and tuberoeruptive xanthomas, and elevated triglycerides and total cholesterol levels. She had an apolipoprotein E2/E2 genotype. A diagnosis of type III dyslipidaemia was made and the patient started on niacin, fenofibrate and salmon oil. At age 18, her lipid levels were well controlled with fenofibrate once weekly. At age 21, the fenofibrate was discontinued and her lipid profile has been normal for the last 4 years. This case history may be consistent with a transient dyslipidaemia.