In B lymphocytes, class switch recombination (CSR) machinery targets highly repetitive sequences, called switch (S) sequences, in the constant domain of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) locus. Cotranscriptional generation of R loops at S sequences provides the substrate for the mutagenic enzyme AID (Activation-Induced cytidine Deaminase), which initiates the DNA breaks at the transcribed sequences. Both sense and antisense transcripts across the S regions have been reported. Our recent work shows that, unlike its sense counterpart, antisense transcription of S sequences is dispensable for CSR in vivo.
- AID targeting
- Class switch recombination
- Sense and antisense transcription