Sour cherry seed kernel extract increases heme oxygenase-1 expression and decreases representation of CD3+ TNF-α + and CD3 + IL-8+ subpopulations in peripheral blood leukocyte cultures from type 2 diabetes patients

Fadia F. Mahmoud, Rana Al-Awadhi, David D. Haines, Ali Dashti, Hussain Dashti, Ebaa Al Ozairi, Istvan Bak, Arpad Tosaki

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The present study evaluates a hypothesis that sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) seed extracts (SCE) modulate CD3+ T lymphocyte activity in ways predictive of potential for uses of SCE in management of inflammatory diseases. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 12 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients and eight healthy control subjects were cultured 24 h with 100 ng/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to increase inflammatory signaling and co-incubated with 0.5-100 μg/ml SCE. Cultures were evaluated by two-color flow cytometry for percent representation of CD3+ IL8+ and CD3 + TNF-α + cells which express interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α, (TNF-α+) respectively, and by enzyme-linked immunoassay for lymphocyte-associated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, known to be induced by SCE). SCE dosage ranges of 0.5-100 μg/ml in cell cultures significantly suppressed LPS-increased CD3 + TNF-α + and CD3 + IL8+ representation from all participants (p < 0.05), with greater pharmacological effect noted in suppression of CD3 + TNF-α + noted in cells from T2DM patients versus healthy control subjects. These effects correlated with increased HO-1 expression in SCE-treated PBMC from all subjects (p < 0.05). Since TNF-α and IL-8 are diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers for many inflammatory syndromes, the capacity of SCE to down-regulate representation of cells that express them suggests potential for therapeutic use of SCE in T2DM and other diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-774
Number of pages8
JournalPhytotherapy Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013



  • diabetes
  • heme oxygenase-1
  • IL-8
  • inflammation
  • sour cherry
  • TNF-α

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