The surface behaviour of two bile salts, sodium deoxycholate (NaDC) and sodium taurodeoxycholate (NaTDC), as well as that of tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), a potent gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor, was studied at air/water and oil/water interfaces, using interfacial tensiometry methods. The surface behaviour of NaDC and NaTDC was comparable at both oil/water and air/water interfaces. A fairly compact interfacial monolayer of bile salts is formed well below the critical micellar concentration (CMC) and can help to explain the well-known effects of bile salts on the kinetic behaviour of pancreatic lipases. Using the Wilhelmy plate technique, the surface pressure-molecular area curves recorded with THL at the air/water interface showed a collapse point at a surface pressure of 24.5 mN.m-1, corresponding to a molecular area of 70 Å2. Surprisingly, using the oil drop method, a limiting molecular area of 160 Å2 was found to exist at the oil/water interface. On the basis of the above data, space-filling models were proposed for bile salts and THL at air/water and oil/water interfaces.
- Bile salt