The SAGA Deubiquitination Module Promotes DNA Repair and Class Switch Recombination through ATM and DNAPK-Mediated γH2AX Formation

Shaliny Ramachandran, Dania Haddad, Conglei Li, Michael X. Le, Alexanda K. Ling, Clare C. So, Rajeev M. Nepal, Jennifer L. Gommerman, Kefei Yu, Troy Ketela, Jason Moffat, Alberto Martin

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Abstract

Class switch recombination (CSR) requires activation-induced deaminase (AID) to instigate double-stranded DNA breaks at the immunoglobulin locus. DNA breaks activate the DNA damage response (DDR) by inducing phosphorylation of histone H2AX followed by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair. We carried out a genome-wide screen to identify CSR factors. We found that Usp22, Eny2, and Atxn7, members of the Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase (SAGA) deubiquitination module, are required for deubiquitination of H2BK120ub following DNA damage, are critical for CSR, and function downstream of AID. The SAGA deubiquitinase activity was required for optimal irradiation-induced γH2AX formation, and failure to remove H2BK120ub inhibits ATM- and DNAPK-induced γH2AX formation. Consistent with this effect, these proteins were found to function upstream of various double-stranded DNA repair pathways. This report demonstrates that deubiquitination of histone H2B impacts the early stages of the DDR and is required for the DNA repair phase of CSR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1554-1565
Number of pages12
JournalCell Reports
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2016

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Ramachandran, S., Haddad, D., Li, C., Le, M. X., Ling, A. K., So, C. C., Nepal, R. M., Gommerman, J. L., Yu, K., Ketela, T., Moffat, J., & Martin, A. (2016). The SAGA Deubiquitination Module Promotes DNA Repair and Class Switch Recombination through ATM and DNAPK-Mediated γH2AX Formation. Cell Reports, 15(7), 1554-1565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2016.04.041